Our Addiction To Stuff: How Walmart Enables Us To Destroy The Planet

Our Addiction To Stuff: How Walmart Enables Us To Destroy The Planet An employee prepares items for a 2019 holiday sale at a Walmart in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher)

‘Tis the season when shoppers fill the malls, and UPS and FedEx trucks crowd the roads.

The amount of “stuff” that moves in and out of households during the Christmas season is staggering. According to the business consulting firm Deloitte, the average American household will spend about US$1,500 during the holiday season.

People will fill their living rooms with boxes, only to discard the packaging — and some gifts — the morning after. Many of us can simply look inside our own closets to see the skeletons of Christmas’ past.

We are addicted to buying stuff during these holidays.

If we are the addicts, then who are the drug dealers? They are the retailers. Retailers “push” their wares, enabling a habit that is destroying the planet and creating mountains of landfill.

Many retailers make gestures towards sustainable development. They claim to be reducing their own waste or that of their suppliers, but this is simply putting lipstick on a pig. The real harm to the planet is in the stuff they sell.

Why retailers won’t change

The largest company in the world, based on revenues, is Walmart. Its sells US$514 billion of stuff annually. That amount of stuff is staggering.

Walmart claims to be committed to sustainability. It just launched Project Gigaton, which will “avoid one billion metric tons (a gigaton) of greenhouse gases from the global value chain by 2030.” This goal is laudable. Walmart seeks to divert waste from its own operations and from its suppliers’ by reducing energy and packaging.

It makes sense for Walmart to work through suppliers. After all, Walmart’s environmental footprint is relatively small. Walmart claims that only 10 per cent of its footprint is from its own stores and facilities; the other 90 per cent is from its suppliers and the suppliers of its suppliers.

Our Addiction To Stuff: How Walmart Enables Us To Destroy The Planet As the world’s largest company by revenue, Walmart has more than 60,000 direct suppliers. (AP Photo/John Locher)

With over 60,000 direct suppliers and at least double that many that want to supply to Walmart, the giant retailer’s reach is vast. If Walmart asks something of its suppliers, it can force significant product changes within and across markets. For example, Walmart’s initiatives led to concentrated laundry detergents and the default for personal computers to enter sleeping mode.

Pressuring suppliers is seen as best practice among retailers. Even the fast fashion houses like H&M and Zara are pressuring their suppliers.

The problem isn’t upstream, it’s downstream

But focusing only on suppliers is a distraction. Upstream waste production isn’t the problem, it’s the downstream stuff that retailers cajole, coax and push us into buying that’s polluting the land and clogging the oceans.

It’s simple arithmetic. The efficiency ratio may be getting slightly smaller, but the multiplier (the amount of stuff) keeps getting significantly larger. The drug dealer may be offering cleaner drugs, but they are growing our addiction.

So, why doesn’t Walmart fix the real problem?

By working on suppliers, Walmart’s costs go down. For example, concentrated detergents cost less to transport and take less shelf space. What’s good for its suppliers is good for Walmart — the proverbial win-win.

An incentive to sell more

However, Walmart does not want to work on reducing the stuff it sells to consumers, because doing so reduces sales, which reduces the share price. So Walmart, like all retailers, seeks to sell more and more.

What’s good for Walmart is bad for the planet and that’s ultimately bad for consumers — it’s a win-lose.

Selling stuff that clogs landfills and oceans is clearly the problem. But there is another part of the issue that is more subtle, yet may be even more important.

By pressuring suppliers to clean up their production processes, Walmart may inadvertently be hindering — not helping — sustainable development.

Sustainable development is enabled through the circular economy, which requires suppliers to produce stuff that lasts longer, biodegrades faster or can be repurposed more efficiently. But transitioning into a more circular economy may not always be economically valuable for retailers.

The issue of single-use plastic versus paper bags is a clear case in point. Walmart has refused to take a stand on single-use plastic.

On upstream impacts, plastic wins over paper. Plastic uses less carbon to produce and fewer greenhouse gas emissions to transport. However, on downstream impacts, paper is the clear winner. If properly diverted from landfills, paper will biodegrade in less than a year rather than the hundreds of years that it takes for plastic. By selecting plastics over paper upstream prevents us from addressing the issue downstream.

What can a responsible consumer do?

Most consumers believe they need to “walk with their feet.” So they threaten retailers to take their business elsewhere if the retailer doesn’t take more action on sustainability. It’s like the drug addict threatening to buy their drugs from another drug dealer. It solves the immediate problem, but the drug addict still needs drugs and the drug dealer is still selling them — just different buyers and sellers.

Instead, consumers need to demand retailers to focus on the downstream impacts, not just the upstream — what is often called “extended producer responsibility.” Walmart, along with other retailers, must be held responsible for taking back the stuff that they sell or working with suppliers and other retailers so they can.

Our Addiction To Stuff: How Walmart Enables Us To Destroy The Planet Patagonia, the outdoor gear company, has started a unique eco-friendly program where it will take back its used clothing from customers, fix them and resell them. (AP Photo/Bebeto Matthews)

There are only a few examples of retailers that are taking this step. Ikea is the largest furniture retailer in the U.S, with 11.3 per cent of the market. It will now buy back used furniture from consumers for in-store credit. Patagonia has also started a new business called Worn Wear, which will take back worn clothes, fix them and resell them. In so doing, Patagonia learns about the flaws in their clothing so they can manufacture even more durable clothing.

Imagine if consumers could take their used packaging and toys back to Walmart. The mountains of waste that would pile up in Walmart stores would demand action. And that would assure the health of our planet, not just at Christmas, but forever.

About The Author

Tima Bansal, Canada Research Chair in Business Sustainability, Western University and Jury Gualandris, Assistant Professor of Operations & Sustainability, Western University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.



follow InnerSelf on


 Get The Latest By Email



A huge iceberg just broke off West Antarctica’s most endangered glacier
A Huge Iceberg Just Broke Off West Antarctica’s Most Endangered Glacier
by Madeleine Stone
Huge blocks of ice regularly shear away from Antarctica’s ice shelves, but the losses are speeding up.
The Rise Of Solar Power
Solar power is on the rise. You can see the evidence on rooftops and in the desert, where utility-scale solar plants…
World's Largest Batteries: Pumped Storage
by Practical Engineering
The vast majority of our grid-scale storage of electricity uses this clever method.
Hydrogen Fuels Rockets, But What About Power For Daily Life?
Hydrogen Fuels Rockets, But What About Power For Daily Life?
by Zhenguo Huang
Have you ever watched a space shuttle launch? The fuel used to thrust these enormous structures away from Earth’s…
Fossil Fuel Production Plans Could Push Earth off a Climate Cliff
by The Real News Network
The United Nations is beginning its climate summit in Madrid.
Big Rail Spends More on Denying Climate Change than Big Oil
by The Real News Network
A new study concludes that rail is the industry that's injected the most money into climate change denial propaganda…
Did Scientists Get Climate Change Wrong?
by Sabine Hossenfelder
Interview with Prof Tim Palmer from the University of Oxford.
The New Normal: Climate Change Poses Challenges For Minnesota Farmers
by KMSP-TV Minneapolis-St. Paul
Spring brought a deluge of rain in southern Minnesota and it never seemed to stop.


Climate Research Struggles To Find Funding
Climate Research Struggles To Find Funding
by Kieran Cooke
Climate research is the poor relation of the academic world. Since 1990 it’s won less than 5% of the research funds…
Climate Crisis Could Cause a Third of Plant and Animal Species to Disappear Within 50 Years
Climate Crisis Could Cause a Third of Plant and Animal Species to Disappear Within 50 Years
by Jessica Corbett
Successful implementation of the Paris agreement targets could help reduce extinctions considerably, possibly to 16% or…
New Tools Help Communities Measure And Reduce Their Emissions Locally
New Tools Help Communities Measure And Reduce Their Emissions Locally
by Stephen Pollard
The slogan “What you can measure, you can manage” has become a guiding principle for local climate action. There’s an…
Countering Climate Denialism Requires Taking On Right-wing Populism.
Countering Climate Denialism Requires Taking On Right-wing Populism
by Richard Calland
History may in due course record 2019 as the year in which the penny finally dropped about the climate emergency…
Kenya Is Experiencing Strange Weather. What's Behind It
Kenya Is Experiencing Strange Weather. What's Behind It
by Jennifer Fitchett
Many parts of Kenya have been experiencing torrential rainfall for a couple of months now. This has resulted in floods…
Atlantic Current Could Falter Before 2100
Atlantic Current Could Falter Before 2100
by Tim Radford
v The Atlantic current won’t come to a full stop the day after tomorrow. But it could face a temporary halt later this…
Temperature in Antarctica Soars Past 69°F as NOAA Reports Last Month Was World's Hottest January on Record
Temperature in Antarctica Soars Past 69°F as NOAA Reports Last Month Was World's Hottest January on Record
by Jessica Corbett
While the reading in Antarctica still needs to be confirmed, the Brazilian scientists who logged it called the new…
Africa's Mammals May Not Be Able To Keep Up With The Pace Of Climate Change
Africa's Mammals May Not Be Able To Keep Up With The Pace Of Climate Change
by John Rowan, Arizona State University
Humans have decimated the world’s mammals over the last several thousand years and continue to do so today.