This was the conclusion drawn by a team of Brazilian researchers who carried out controlled fire experiments to estimate the emissions of greenhouse gases and particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) produced during burnings in rural areas around cities in Western Amazonia.
According to the Paris Agreement on climate change, Brazil should achieve zero illegal deforestation in the Amazon, as well as restore and reforest 12 million hectares, by 2030. However, in 2016, the Brazilian emissions exceeded the government’s goals by 32 per cent and the rate of deforestation in June of this year in the region reached almost 920 square kilometres.
This represents an increase of 88 per cent compared to the same month in 2018, according to data from the National Institute for Space Research.
“The high values of PM2.5 registered are quite worrisome, since this particle fraction is thought to be associated with severe health effects such as lung cancer and heart diseases,”
Simone Amaral, department of energy, São Paulo State University
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