Willing to consider it: Wayne Messam, Tim Ryan, Eric Swalwell, Andrew Yang
Ms. Warren this week laid out a regulatory plan to end fossil fuel production on public lands. She said she would enact a “total moratorium” on new federal fossil fuel leases if elected, a move that goes further than Mr. Obama’s ban on coal leasing.
Only Ms. Gabbard, a representative from Hawaii, and the self-help author Marianne Williamson answered this survey question in detail. Ms. Gabbard’s proposals include a halt to major fossil fuel projects, while Ms. Williamson called for requiring zero-deforestation supply chains and regulating the waste produced by large agricultural operations.
An easier choice: Money for research
By contrast, every Democrat supported greater investment in research and development. Mr. Booker vowed to “at least double” federal funding for clean-energy research, a benchmark Mr. O’Rourke’s campaign said he also supported. Mr. Delaney has proposed increasing funding fivefold. And Mr. Sanders’s campaign said he was developing a plan that would include a “massive investment in infrastructure” and eliminate subsidies for fossil fuels.
Several candidates went a step further and identified specific funding priorities. Improving battery and other types of energy storage was a common theme, including from Mr. Booker, Ms. Gabbard, Mr. Inslee, Mr. Swalwell and Ms. Williamson. Ms. Gabbard also mentioned grid modernization and security. Mr. Delaney called for a $5 billion annual investment in negative emissions technology, which would remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Investment is one of the few areas ripe for bipartisan agreement.