Edge of the Great Dying: Extinction crisis

At least a million forms of life hover at the edge of extinction as humans take over the world. Lead author Sandra Diaz on the shocking new 2019 UN report.

How did we get into the position of trying to persuade city-dwelling humans we still need nature? How can we describe the speed at which life is disappearing? All that is in a stunning new report from the United Nations. Dr. Sandra Diaz, lead author of this report taking the world by storm: IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. On-going human damage to other living things is as great a threat as climate change.

Sandra Diaz's scientific work is decorated with many awards. She's one of the most cited environmental scientists in the world, with over 300 peer-reviewed papers. She works from the University of Cordoba in Argentina.

Show by Radio Ecoshock, reposted under CC License. Episode details at https://www.ecoshock.org/2019/05/at-the-edge-of-the-great-dying.html

Stop Fossil Fuels researches and disseminates effective strategies and tactics to halt fossil fuel combustion as fast as possible. Learn more at https://stopfossilfuels.org

SHOW DETAILS
We should be shocked by this massive new report coming from The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, the IPBES. Humans are driving out “unnecessary” life forms. But we can't know which species are “disposable” as we take over everything; don’t know what species critical to our survival might disappear. We barely even know what species are here. Consider the chain of bacteria necessary in our soil for food, and in our gut, to process food. We are not independent of the great chain of life.

“Biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people are our common heritage and humanity’s most important life-supporting ‘safety net’. But our safety net is stretched almost to breaking point,” said Díaz.

CRITICAL ROLE OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
“At least 25% of global land area is traditionally owned, managed, used or occupied by Indigenous Peoples. These areas include approximately 35% of the area that is formally protected, and approximately 35% of all remaining terrestrial areas with very low human intervention.

Nature managed by Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities is under increasing pressure but is generally declining less rapidly than in other lands—although 72% of local indicators developed and used by Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities show the deterioration of nature that underpins local livelihoods.”

Even if we did not have greenhouse gas emissions, nature would still be severely threatened.

KEY STATISTICS
75%: terrestrial environment “severely altered” by human actions (marine environments 66%)

47%: reduction in global indicators of ecosystem extent and condition against their estimated natural baselines, with many continuing to decline by at least 4% per decade

28%: global land area held and/or managed by Indigenous Peoples, including 40+% of formally protected areas and 37% of all remaining terrestrial areas with very low human intervention

+/-60 billion: tons of renewable and non-renewable resources extracted globally each year, up nearly 100% since 1980

15%: increase in global per capita consumption since 1980

85+% of wetlands present in 1700 had been lost by 2000—loss of wetlands is currently three times faster in percentage terms than forest loss.

8 million: total estimated number of animal and plant species on Earth (including 5.5 million insect species)

Tens to hundreds of times: the extent to which the current rate of global species extinction is higher compared to average over the last 10 million years. The rate is accelerating.

Up to 1 million: species threatened with extinction, many within decades

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the political will to fight climate change has faded at the same time as it is getting worse for those feeling its effects. The same can be said about all the wonderful living species on this planet.

We may desire a planet entirely designed for us, every available space tailored to produce food for us, give us pleasure, or keep our mountains of waste out of sight. Nothing to annoy us like mosquitoes or poisonous snakes. That is a suicidal dream.

This is a summary for policy-makers. But in America, Brazil, and many other countries, there are no environmental policy-makers, but rather policy breakers. We are sliding backward rather than going forward.

I am worried the very frightening message in this big report may be lost in three things:

1. sheer size of the view and masses of numbers
2. bureaucratic and scientific language of delivery
3. seemingly obligatory optimism. Sandra Diaz says the battle is not lost. But we must say we are losing at this point.

Algae in a pond can expand until it runs out of oxygen and then crashes. Is there a crash point for humans and are we nearing it?

Related Books

Climate Change: What Everyone Needs to Know

by Joseph Romm
0190866101The essential primer on what will be the defining issue of our time, Climate Change: What Everyone Needs to Know® is a clear-eyed overview of the science, conflicts, and implications of our warming planet. From Joseph Romm, Chief Science Advisor for National Geographic's Years of Living Dangerously series and one of Rolling Stone's "100 people who are changing America," Climate Change offers user-friendly, scientifically rigorous answers to the most difficult (and commonly politicized) questions surrounding what climatologist Lonnie Thompson has deemed "a clear and present danger to civilization.". Available On Amazon

Climate Change: The Science of Global Warming and Our Energy Future second edition Edition

by Jason Smerdon
0231172834This second edition of Climate Change is an accessible and comprehensive guide to the science behind global warming. Exquisitely illustrated, the text is geared toward students at a variety of levels. Edmond A. Mathez and Jason E. Smerdon provide a broad, informative introduction to the science that underlies our understanding of the climate system and the effects of human activity on the warming of our planet.Mathez and Smerdon describe the roles that the atmosphere and ocean play in our climate, introduce the concept of radiation balance, and explain climate changes that occurred in the past. They also detail the human activities that influence the climate, such as greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions and deforestation, as well as the effects of natural phenomena.  Available On Amazon

The Science of Climate Change: A Hands-On Course

by Blair Lee, Alina Bachmann
194747300XThe Science of Climate Change: A Hands-On Course uses text and eighteen hands-on activities to explain and teach the science of global warming and climate change, how humans are responsible, and what can be done to slow or stop the rate of global warming and climate change. This book is a complete, comprehensive guide to an essential environmental topic. Subjects covered in this book include: how molecules transfer energy from the sun to warm the atmosphere, greenhouse gases, the greenhouse effect, global warming, the Industrial Revolution, the combustion reaction, feedback loops, the relationship between weather and climate, climate change, carbon sinks, extinction, carbon footprint, recycling, and alternative energy. Available On Amazon

From The Publisher:
Purchases on Amazon go to defray the cost of bringing you InnerSelf.comelf.com, MightyNatural.com, and ClimateImpactNews.com at no cost and without advertisers that track your browsing habits. Even if you click on a link but don't buy these selected products, anything else you buy in that same visit on Amazon pays us a small commission. There is no additional cost to you, so please contribute to the effort. You can also use this link to use to Amazon at any time so you can help support our efforts.

 

enafarzh-CNzh-TWnltlfrdehiiditjakomsfaptruesswsvthtrurvi

EVIDENCE

The Arctic Paradox
by Tobias Thorleifsson
Explore Ellesmere Island with Tobias in this talk, as he urges us to protect this arctic environment from the hands of…
7 Surprising Results From The Reduction Of Arctic Sea Ice Cover
by David Barber
It is now well known that sea ice in the Arctic has changed in both extent and thickness over the past several decades.
Anchorage Hits 90 Degrees for First Time in Recorded History
Anchorage Hits 90 Degrees for First Time in Recorded History
by Jake Johnson
"This is unprecedented. I tease people that Anchorage is the coolest city in the country—and climatically that is…
Game On Climate Change Game On
by Laura Tenenbaum
Laura Faye Tenenbaum is the Senior Science Editor for the NASA’s Global Climate Change publication and a member of the…
After Data Shows Last Month Was Hottest June on Record, Sanders Says Maybe Now Is 'Time to Start Treating This Like a Crisis and Not a Hoax'
After Data Shows Last Month Was Hottest June on Record, Sanders Says Maybe Now Is 'Time to Start Treating This Like a Crisis and Not a Hoax'
by Jon Queall
"It's only the hottest June ever recorded on planet earth," said 350.org co-founder Bill McKibben with sarcasm. "So,…
Edge of the Great Dying: Extinction crisis
by Stop Fossil Fuels
At least a million forms of life hover at the edge of extinction as humans take over the world. Lead author Sandra Diaz…
Scientists Have Been Drilling Into The Ocean Floor For 50 Years – Here's What They've Found So Far
Scientists Have Been Drilling Into The Ocean Floor For 50 Years – Here's What They've Found So Far
by Suzanne O'Connell
It’s stunning but true that we know more about the surface of the moon than about the Earth’s ocean floor.
Climate Sceptic Or Climate Denier? It's Not That Simple And Here's Why
Climate Sceptic Or Climate Denier? It's Not That Simple And Here's Why
by Peter Ellerton
Climate change is now climate crisis and a climate sceptic now a climate denier, according to the recently updated…

LATEST VIDEOS

Climate Change Is Affecting Crop Yields And Reducing Global Food Supplies
Climate Change Is Affecting Crop Yields And Reducing Global Food Supplies
by Deepak Ray
Farmers are used to dealing with weather, but climate change is making it harder by altering temperature and rainfall…
The Arctic Paradox
by Tobias Thorleifsson
Explore Ellesmere Island with Tobias in this talk, as he urges us to protect this arctic environment from the hands of…
Increased Drought Amid Climate Change & Warming
by Kate Marvel, Radio Ecoshock
Columbia/NASA scientist Kate Marvel explains “hyroclimate” as rains and droughts go extreme. When it comes to your…
7 Surprising Results From The Reduction Of Arctic Sea Ice Cover
by David Barber
It is now well known that sea ice in the Arctic has changed in both extent and thickness over the past several decades.
Half-Submerged Trump Head, Says Artist, Designed to Silence Destructive Words and Deeds of US President
Half-Submerged Trump Head, Says Artist, Designed to Silence Destructive Words and Deeds of US President
by Eoin Higgins
"The idea was to gag Trump, to silence him, but he continues to speak."
'The Climate Crisis Doesn't Go on Summer Holiday, And Neither Will We,' Says Greta Thunberg as #FridaysForFuture Returns to the Streets
The Climate Crisis Doesn't Go on Summer Holiday, And Neither Will We, Says Greta Thunberg as #FridaysForFuture Returns to the Streets
by Jessica Corbett
A campaigner in Nigeria adds, "It doesn't matter the course you study nor your age, we need you to join climate…
Anchorage Hits 90 Degrees for First Time in Recorded History
Anchorage Hits 90 Degrees for First Time in Recorded History
by Jake Johnson
"This is unprecedented. I tease people that Anchorage is the coolest city in the country—and climatically that is…
Amazon Deforestation
by BBC News
Brazilian officials have told the BBC that there's been an aggressive increase in deforestation since the election of…

LATEST ARTICLES

How China’s Sponge Cities Aim To Re-use 70% Of Rainwater
How China’s Sponge Cities Aim To Re-use 70% Of Rainwater
by Asit K. Biswas and Kris Hartley
Asian cities are struggling to accommodate rapid urban migration, and development is encroaching on flood-prone areas.
Aviation Emissions Are Rising – And Industry Solutions Are Just Technological Myths
by Paul Peeters, et al
Imagine you are the government’s Minister for Transport: the economy is prospering, global oil prices are falling, and…
With Climate Change Likely To Sharpen Conflict, NZ Balances Pacifist Traditions With Defence Spending
by David Belgrave
In most countries, the question of whether to produce guns or butter is a metaphor for whether a country should put its…
Climate Change Is Putting Even Resilient And Adaptable Animals Like Baboons At Risk
by Isabelle Catherine Winder
Baboons are large, smart, ground-dwelling monkeys. They are found across sub-Saharan Africa in various habitats and eat…
'Sadness, Disgust, Anger': Fear For The Great Barrier Reef Made Climate Change Feel Urgent
by Matt Curnock and Scott Heron
Media coverage of mass coral bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef may have been a major tipping point for public…
Why States And Cities Should Stop Handing Out Billions In Economic Incentives To Companies
Why States And Cities Should Stop Handing Out Billions In Economic Incentives To Companies
by Nathan Jensen
U.S. states and cities hand out tens of billions in taxpayer dollars every year to companies as economic incentives.
How Students Grow Their Community Roots And Critical Consciousness
How Students Grow Their Community Roots And Critical Consciousness
by Jennifer D. Adams and Pieranna Pieroni
Iris, a high school student in New York City, took a course aimed at preparing public school students for college.
Why South Africa Can't Make A Massive Shift To Renewables
Why South Africa Can't Make A Massive Shift To Renewables
by Hartmut Winkler
There’s a lively debate raging in South Africa about the extent to which renewables should replace coal, particularly…